Karuna Health B-12 Liquid is an essential nutrient, but one that is eventually depleted if dietary sources are inadequate or absorption mechanisms are compromised.
B12 deficiency is especially common in the elderly, Alzheimer's disease patients, vegetarians, and as the result of a variety of malabsorption syndromes, including those caused by the use of acid-blocking medications.
Symptoms of deficiency include anemia, fatigue, nerve damage,cognitive dysfunction, and mood changes.
Oral B12 therapy is as effective as injections as long as sufficient amounts are taken. Karuna's B-12 Liquid is a high-potency formulation using methylcobalamin, preferred by many over cyanocobalamin.
Vitamin B12 absorption decreases with age due to reduced production of hydrochloric acid, digestive enzymes, and/or intrinsic factor, and as a consequence of infection withHelicobacter pylori.
Suggested use: One-half to one dropper daily (approximately 521-1041 mcg), preferably with a meal, or as directed. Hold the solution under the tongue for a few moments before swallowing. Ingredients: Serving Size: 1 Dropper Servings Per Container: 84 Amount Per Serving Vitamin B12 (methylcobalamin) ... 1041 mcg Other Ingredients: USP purified water, alcohol 25%, vegetable glycerin, natural strawberry flavor, natural vanilla flavor, citric acid † Based on 2000 calorie diet. *Daily Value (DV) not established.
* These statements have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to treat, mitigate, diagnose or cure any disease.